Since late 2014, an outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5 has gripped the U.S. poultry industry, killing close to 50 million chickens and turkeys in 19 states, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Although the virus hasn’t reached Ohio, experts with OARDC and OSU Extension are helping poultry producers learn about the disease, boost their biosecurity and prepare to minimize the flu’s impact should it get here.
For example, Fred Michel, an OARDC biosystems engineer, and Mohamed El-Gazzar, OSU Extension’s poultry veterinarian, are developing a plan that would allow Ohio egg farms, if needed, to compost hundreds of thousands of dead chickens onsite. This would cut the risk of the flu spreading.
OARDC virologist Chang-Won Lee (pictured) leads a $7.2 million USDA project that aims, among other things, to develop a better understanding of poultry diseases and more-effective ways to prevent them.
“Ohio State has worked extensively with us on different scenarios of how the avian flu virus could impact us and how to handle that,” said Bill Knapke, environmental manager for western Ohio’s Cooper Farms. “The emphasis has been on taking biosecurity to a new level to avoid spread of the disease, and focusing on our mortality disposal methods right on the farm.”
“The emphasis has been on taking biosecurity to a new level.”—Bill Knapke
Protecting $2.3 billion, 14,600 jobs
- Ohio’s poultry industry is worth $2.3 billion and directly supports more than 14,600 jobs, according to the Ohio Department of Agriculture.
- Nationally, Ohio ranks ninth in turkey production and has now surpassed Iowa as the top egg producer.
- To contact the sources: Fred Michel at firstname.lastname@example.org; Mohamed El-Gazzar at email@example.com; Chang-Won Lee at firstname.lastname@example.org.